Also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that affects men and women alike. It arises in certain individuals upon consumption of gluten-rich food. The foods rich in gluten content include wheat and its products, barley, rye, buckwheat, semolina, malted breakfast cereals and corn. In such patients, gluten triggers an abnormal immune response that damages the lining of the small intestine, thus impairs normal digestion and absorption process.
The common symptoms of such disease are vomiting, bloating, diarrhea, mouth ulcer, muscle cramps and weight loss. Immediate treatment is suggested upon development of celiac disease as negligence can lead to several serious ailments like osteoporosis and anemia. This disease may also put a person at a risk of developing lymphoma. Here is detailed information about what you should know about celiac disease.