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Are you suffering from constantly itching, red, swollen eye lids? You could be suffering from blepharitis.
Blepharitis is an eye infection that usually involves the eye lid margins and may be associated with conjunctivitis. It can begin in early childhood and continue throughout your life as a chronic condition or may even develop at a later stage.
Causes and risk factors
'Blepharitis most commonly occurs due to an infection caused by the microorganism Staphylococcus,' says Dr Anand Shroff, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai. 'Itfrequently occurs in people who have oily skin, dandruff, dermatitis or dry eyes. People suffering from a skin condition called 'acne rosacea' may also suffer from repeated attacks of blepharitis,' he mentions.
Symptoms of blepharitis
Dr Shroff highlights the following common symptoms of the condition:
'If any of these symptoms don't seem to be improving despite good hygiene and regular cleaning of the affected area, it is time to make an appointment with your doctor,' he says.
Diagnosis of blepharitis
Your doctor will first examine your eyes and look for classic symptoms of the condition. Usually, crusting and flaking of the eye lids is an indication of blepharitis. To confirm the cause, a swab of the crust layer may be sent for laboratory testing and evaluation to identify the causative agent.
Treatment of blepharitis
According to Dr Shroff, blepharitis rarely disappears completely. Even with successful treatment, relapses are common. Here are some treatment options that he mentions.
Prevention of blepharitis
Dr Shroff recommends treating the underlying cause as the best way of preventing future episodes of blepharitis. 'So, if you have dandruff, you need to treat it. If you have dry eyes, then treat the same with lubricating eye drops. Controlling allergies may also help,' he says. Here are some home care tips he suggests.
Image source: Getty images
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