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Winter can be pleasing! But, as the season changes there is a sudden drop in temperature, and you will encounter sudden back pain or even sciatica. Your muscles start developing tension owing to the temperature changes and this adds pressure on the nerve roots and the spinal cord. Hence, back pain increases, and even there is the stiffness of the back during the morning. Moreover, skipping exercise is also a disastrous recipe for back pain. If you fail to exercise and keep yourself active, then you are sure to suffer from that notorious backache.
Sciatica can be described as a type of radiculopathy caused owing to the compression of one or more of the five sets of nerve roots in one's lower back (the lumbar region of your spine). These nerves tend to run from the lower spine down under your buttock and then down through each hip into your legs. Several conditions can be responsible for compressing these nerves at one or more spots causing pain, numbness, or weakness in the lower back, buttock(s), or leg(s) on one or both sides. This condition is commonly seen in elderly people who do manual work or lift heavy objects, leading to degenerative changes in spine. Nowadays, sciatica is seen even in the younger population due to improper posture, prolonged sitting and work from home, disc problems.
Youngsters must opt for core strengthening exercises that will strengthen their lower back.
Visit an orthopaedic or a spine specialist, if the pain doesn't go away with medication, lifestyle changes and regular exercise. You may require to undergo certain radiological investigation such X-ray, MRI, CT Scan, spinal injection if the pain hampers your daily activities, if there is a tingling sensation, numbness, loss of bladder control or you are unable to walk significantly smaller distance . A keyhole or Stitchless Spine surgery in daycare setup can be helpful in reducing compression at pinched nerve roots, inflammation. Lifestyle changes, posture correction and regular exercises plays an important role in recuperating from back pain.
(This article is written by Dr Om Patil, Consultant Spine Surgeon, Apollo Spectra Hospitals, Mumbai.)
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