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COVID-19, caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, is a respiratory disorder that can potentially harm your lungs, throat, and nose. Studies have shown that the infection could be severe in case a patient suffers from an underlying disease. Infection with the virus could cause an asthma attack, pneumonia, or other serious lung diseases in those who have asthma. According to a small study, asthma does not increase the chances of contracting coronavirus but if you suffer from asthma, the symptoms of coronavirus could be more severe in people with respiratory problems than others.
Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha, Additional Director & Unit Head, Pulmonology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad says, "Asthma is a disease where airways are hypersensitive, and they react to many triggers. They react by going into constriction (narrowing). When someone's windpipe is narrow, they have this tendency to cough, feeling chest stiffness, cough, and breathlessness, especially in the morning and in the night."
Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha further explains, "Besides other common triggers like dust, smoke and pollution, one more important trigger is a viral infection. COVID infection is one such viral infection of the airway which can cause our airway to go into narrowing, commonly referred to as an asthma attack. COVID vaccination can help in reducing the severity of this attack.
Since coronavirus is a respiratory illness, it can be confusing for some patients to differentiate between coronavirus and asthma. So, here are the signs of both diseases to help you out:
Here are some ways to help asthma patients avoid an attack as suggested by Dr Ravi Shekhar Jha:
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