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10 common types of heart disease you should know about

Did you know there are more than 60 different types of heart disease? Here are the top 10 types commonly affecting humans

Heart Disease

September 29 is World Heart Day.

People commonly relate the term 'heart disease' with only a single disorder related to the heart. But heart disease is a collection or a group of several conditions that result in abnormal functioning of the heart, either due to damage to the heart or due to damage to the blood vessels. There are more than 60 different types of heart disease. Here are the most common ones found among people all over the world.

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Coronary heart disease: Also known as coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease contribute to greater than 95% of total heart disease prevalence in India and about 7.2 million deaths worldwide. It occurs when the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart get damaged. It is also called as ischemic heart disease when the blood supply to the heart is reduced due to a partial block of blood vessels, leading to heart attack and other heart disease.

Cardiomyopathy: It is a condition in which the heart muscle weakens. As a result, the circulation of blood throughout the body gets affected. It can also result in heart failure. It may occur due to prolonged drinking or uncontrolled diabetes. Sometimes, viral infection may also cause cardiomyopathy.

Rheumatic heart disease: It mainly affects children between the age 5-15 years. It occurs when the heart muscle and heart valves are damaged due to rheumatic fever caused by infection of streptococcal bacteria. 60% cases of rheumatic fever are bound to develop some degree of subsequent heart disease.

Angina pectoris:Angina or angina pectoris is a not a type of heart disease but a condition or rather a symptom of coronary heart disease. It is a feeling of discomfort, tightness or nagging pain in the chest region caused as a result of lack of sufficient blood supply to the heart.

Arrhythmia: Irregularity in the heart beat caused due to interrupted electrical signals received by the heart is called arrhythmia. When this irregular heart beat becomes too fast, it results in a condition called tachycardia, and when it beats very slowly, it is known as bradychardia. Arrhythmia can occur in those who already suffer from high blood pressure or heart disease like heart attack, coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy.

Congestive heart failure: When the heart loses its ability to pump blood effectively throughout the body, it results in heart failure. Congestive heart failure occurs when excess fluid builds up in the body because of heart failure, affecting the filtration function of the kidneys and causing congestion.

Congenital heart disease: It is a defect (structural of functional) found in the hearts of individuals, right at the time of birth.

Atrial fibrillation: When rapid electrical impulses hampers the ability of the heart to pump blood effectively throughout the body, the heart muscle fibrillate or contract very fast and irregularly.

Inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis and pericarditis): Inflammation may occur due to several factors, but viral infection is the most common reason for of the heart. Those suffering from thyroid problems, autoimmune conditions are more susceptible to pericarditis.

Myocardial infarction or heart attack: When the blood vessels carrying blood to the heart narrow down, blocking the flow of blood to the heart, it results in heart attack. It is the most common reason for death due to coronary artery disease.

Photo source: Getty images

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