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Sunny days are ideal for taking some activity outside, however, the sun rays may cause serious harm to your skin, notably as you're subjected to them in many situations than you might think every time. Just a brief exposure to the sun's radiation could bring damage to your skin if you don't apply sunscreen. Because the skin's surface layer darkens to filter out the sunlight, that golden tan is the first symptom of solar harm. Sunscreen application is essential to avoid severe, irreparable skin problems. Perhaps it's a rainy day, so you've decided to travel to work and enjoy the day inside. Is it still necessary to use sunscreen? The quick answer is without hesitation, yes!
Although the skin has an inherent defensive reaction, it is inadequate to defend from prolonged solar radiation, including when you're outside for lunch in the scorching early afternoon sun. UVA (ultraviolet A) rays accelerate the ageing process, whereas UVB (ultraviolet B) radiation damage your skin.
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation could pass through clouds and even hit you through windows in buildings and vehicles. Although the harm is less severe than that caused by natural radiation, it nonetheless hastens the signs of ageing.
Here's why sunscreen ought to be a part of daily life as among the safest and most inexpensive order to avoid premature ageing and illnesses like skin cancer:
The sun's UV rays attack the inner skin cells, causing tanning and sunburn. It also results in skin pigmentation and a difference in tone. Sunscreen serves to reduce UV radiation absorption into the skin and shields it from the harmful effects of UV radiation.
The sun's heat dehydrates the skin, causing it to become dull and lifeless. Early ageing signs such as folds, fine lines, and other signs of age are caused by excessive sun exposure. Sunscreen functions as a boundary between the skin and the sun, minimizing premature skin ageing.
The bulk of wrinkles and sunspots are caused by radiation from the sun. Sunscreen should be a part of your regular skincare routine to prevent your skin from premature ageing. Reapply sunscreen every two hours or after towelling off and after getting out of the water.
The application of sunscreen daily protects the skin from a range of skin illnesses. According to specialists, everyday usage of sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or above lowers the chances of skin cancer by about 40%.
Sunscreen is necessary but applying it the right way is even more important. Here's how it should be applied:
When choosing the appropriate sunscreen among the various alternatives, focus on aspects like your type of skin, expected time of sun exposure, and activities in the daylight.
Sunscreen comes in a variety of elements, including creams, lotions, and sprays. Spray sunscreens are easier to use and cover a larger area. For complete and even coverage for the face and neck, a cream sunscreen is preferable.
Remember to reapply sunscreen each two to three hours and also after swimming or bathing, as it is readily wiped off with sweat or touch with water.
SPF 30 sunscreen is suggested for daily application because it captures 97 per cent of UV rays. SPF 50 catches approximately 98 per cent of UV rays, while SPF 100 captures approximately 100 per cent. As a result, select the sunscreen that is suitable for your sun exposure.
To prevent an allergic response, do a patch test 24 hours before applying sunscreen. Skin will become sensitive and irritating with age. Take a look at how sunscreen affects your skin. Natural or herbal preparations can be utilized for photoprotection whether you are sensitive to commercial sunscreens.
Utilize an ounce to treat your full body as a general rule. Do on each sun-exposed part of your body, including your ears, back, shoulders, and the backs of your knees and legs. Apply generously and completely. When putting sunscreen near the eyes, take care.
(The article is contributed by Dr Joseph Thomas, Medical Director, Medlounges)
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