Infertility refers to the inability to have children. It can be divided into two broad categories – primary and secondary infertility. Primary infertility refers to the inability to ever have a child. Secondary infertility refers to those cases where people have had children but fail to conceive after that. 

The reasons may be acquired, genetic or influenced by lifestyle. Infertility affects men and women all around the world and is the cause of many cultural and social stigmas.

The countries with the lowest rates of female infertility are in the South American continent. It is estimated that approximately 3 to 7% of all couples worldwide suffer from infertility. Infertility has increased since the 1980s and the rate increases in proportion with the age of men and women. 40% of all issues with infertility are diagnosed in men, an equal number in women, and 20% due to complications in both partners.

Acquired female infertility is spurred on by age, tobacco smoking, diabetes, STDs, body-weight and eating disorders. The same account to male fertility with the addition of testicular factors, trauma and impotence. A blood and/or semen test can decidedly provide results and determine treatment for the same. Semen analysis, Hormone measurements hysterosalpingography and Laparoscopy are some tests that can be taken to determine infertility and its reasons.

Infertility among women can be treated up to some extent. Clomifene tablets are prescribed to women with normal estrogen levels to induce ovulation. Gonadotrophin injections are used for women that have failed to respond to clomifene or are not suitable for it. Another popular option is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Chances of a multiple birth increase slightly in IVF. Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection is a remedy to treat male fertility. It is very similar to IVF except that the single sperm is injected directly into the egg. Apart from these, donor insemination and egg donation are methods to induce a pregnancy.


3 ways stress reduces your chances of getting pregnant
- Debjani Arora
September 15, 2014 at 09:50pm
Not getting pregnant? Blame it on stress.

Infertility in men — diagnostic tests to identify the problem
- Shraddha Rupavate
June 19, 2014 at 06:26pm
1 out of 3 times, infertility is due to a problem with the man. Find out if you're infertile with these tests.

Infertility profiling: 8 tests to check why you’re not getting pregnant
- Shraddha Rupavate
June 17, 2014 at 05:10pm
Have you been trying to get pregnant without any success? It's time you get yourself checked for infertility. Here's more about entire infertility …

Want a sucessful IVF cycle? Try losing some weight
- Pavitra Sampath
June 13, 2014 at 02:40pm
Here is why you should lose weight before you opt for an IVF procedure.

Ovarian cysts – types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
- Debjani Arora
May 08, 2014 at 06:47pm
Ovarian cysts are usually not harmful, but at times can take a turn for bad. Know more about this condition.

more articles...

Ask an expert

You agree to the terms and conditions by posting your question

Post question anonymously (Your name would not be displayed on screen)


5 ways obesity affects your chances of getting pregnant
- Debjani Arora
April 10, 2014 at 07:03pm
Trying to get pregnant but can't get results? Check on your weight, obesity can hamper conception in a big way.

Tips to choose the right IVF clinic and doctor
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 28, 2014 at 12:36pm
A couple trying to have a baby can become very desperate and this desperation can lead to some stupid decisions. Here's how he can avoid falling for …

Top 10 traits of a good IVF patient
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 27, 2014 at 04:37pm
Did you know that being a 'good patient' is the best way to ensure the success of your IVF treatment.

The Ultimate Fertility Quiz
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 26, 2014 at 04:58pm
Take it if you want to find out what goes on in your body when you're pregnant, trying to conceive or if you're a medical student or aficionado who …

How to pick a good IVF doctor? The top 10 qualities you should look out for!
- Dr Aniruddha Malpani
March 24, 2014 at 10:56am
Opting for an IVF specialist can be a harrowing experience. Here are some traits you should look out for.

more articles...


more news...