World Health Day is on April 7 and the theme for 2017 is ‘Depression: Let’s Talk’.
The term depression is used to describe a long period of sadness. If such sad feelings stay on for more than 2 weeks it is diagnosed as Depression. It is important to understand, that there are broadly 2 types of depression- Biological depression & Reactive depression. As the name suggests, Reactive depression refers to the sadness that is experienced in response to various causative factors like the death of a near one, financial insecurities, a broken love affair and others. Alternatively, Biological depression may have no evident cause for those depressive feelings, except for the neurochemical imbalances. Medicines have a more significant role to play in biological depression, while counselling helps immensely in the reactive depression types. It’s important to remember that major depressive disorder is an illness and needs to be treated just like other ailments. Here’s what you should know about depression – understanding it is half the battle won.
Depression can affect a person emotionally as well as physically. Common symptoms of depression include unhappiness, loss of interest in activities which were earlier pleasurable, loss of appetite, lack of energy and motivation, difficulty in concentrating, inability to make decisions and sleep problems (mainly insomnia). Chronic, untreated depression can induce suicidal thoughts in people. But it can be treated well with antidepressant drugs if people accept their problem and consider taking treatment.
In this section, you’ll find articles on common triggers of depression like lack of sleep, hearing loss, migraine and obesity. You can find several options like exercising, meditation and certain food like yogurt, to prevent stress in your life that can lead to depression. Read to know what Dr Fabian Almeida, Psychiatrist & Counsellor, Fortis Hospital, Kalyan has to say about depression.