Sex can be exciting for couples, but an unwanted pregnancy is certainly not pleasing. However, even an act of spontaneous intercourse can save you from the wrath of unwanted pregnancy if you opt for the right contraceptive method. Here is your guide to the various contraceptive methods available to help you avert unwanted pregnancy.
They are easily available and the prime choice of contraception before an act of spontaneous sex. Made of thin sheath of rubber or latex, it is rolled over an erect penis just before intercourse. A condom prevents sperms from entering the vagina thereby reducing the chances of an unwanted pregnancy and minimising the risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
Emergency contraceptives: They are also called morning after pills and should be consumed by the woman within 72 hours (in some cases 48 hours) after an act of spontaneous intercourse. These pills release hormones which prevent the fertilised egg from attaching itself on the wall of the uterus, in case it is formed.
Birth control pill: These pills are quite effective for modern day women. When consumed regularly, the pills help prevent or delay pregnancy by delaying the release of ovum from the ovary. Some pills also secrete a thick mucous that prevents the sperms from coming in contact with the egg or ovum.
Vaginal bolus or tablets: Also known as intra-vaginal bolus, this is an easy, effective and safe form of contraception for women. The tablet should be inserted into the vagina at least 20 to 30 minutes before having sex. When inserted, it melts and forms a creamy layer that contains spermicide that kills sperms that come in contact with it.
Female condoms: Like condoms for men, female condoms are also made from latex or rubber. They need to be inserted into the vagina before penetration to prevent sperms from entering the vagina and minimise risk of sexually transmitted diseases. However, one needs to be in good practise to use it the right way. Moreover, they aren't as easily available as the male condoms.
Copper T: This is one of the most common options given to women who have delivered a child in the past. It is placed in the uterus of the woman through a medical procedure. It prevents a fertilised egg from implanting itself on the wall of the uterus by releasing certain hormones and averting pregnancy for up to five years.
DMPA injections: Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate or DMPA injections are injectable contraceptives that contain the hormone progesterone and are considered to be more effective than oral contraceptives. They retard the process of ovulation and can provide protection for up to three months.
Vaginal ring: Once inserted into the vagina, it can prevent pregnancy for up to 21 days. Made up of a soft plastic, it is placed inside the vagina and releases estrogen and progesterone that prevent ovulation. It also makes the lining of the womb thinner, making it difficult for an egg to implant on the wall. You will need to replace the ring every 21 days.
Beads method: This method is a traditional family planning method where beads are coloured in red, white and brown. The rule is to start counting your days starting with red beads from the first day of your period. When the ring moves to the white beads pregnancy is likely and when it is on the brown beads your chances of pregnancy is minimal. This will help you know when to have sex with and without protection.
Tubal ligation: This is a form of permanent contraception offered to women who wish to go for it. In this process, the fallopian tubes of a woman are clamped and blocked to prevent the egg from reaching the uterus for fertilization.
Vasectomy: This is a permanent contraception solution offered to men. A small incision is made in the scrotum and both the Vas Deferens, the ducts that carry the sperms, are closed through a surgical procedure. This doesn’t interfere with a man’s ability to get an erection or hamper his libido or performance.