Laws on the subject of birth in an aircraft is complex. What is the nationality? What passport will the baby have? Here are a few interesting facts regarding births on air crafts:
Free flights for life for child born in the aircraft? Not all flight companies have this policy.
According to Airline Passenger Experience Association (APEX), citizenship of kids born in the air is either determined by 'jus soli' or 'jus sanguinis', Latin for ' right of the soil' and 'right of blood'. Most countries follow the latter. However, the US, Canada grant citizenship to babies born on the soil.
In the case of preterm birth (occurring before 37 weeks of pregnancy) in flight deliveries is mandatory.
During active labour, the pilots have to do an emergency landing if they aren't flying over the ocean.
Do you know because of the myths about getting the citizenship of the desired countries, there have been alleged cases of women purposely travelling during last stages of pregnancy just to get the citizenship of the desired country?
It costs a lot for an aircraft to get a baby delivered in a plane. Health and safety of the patient are of utmost importance according to apex.aero and it can cost as much as $200,000 to the airline.
Under the 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation, Articles 17-21, all aircrafts have the nationality of the state in which they are registered. It doesn't say that birth on a country's aircraft is to be treated as a birth in that country for nationality purposes.