Migraine is more than just a headache. It's a debilitating condition that is accompanied by a set of other discomforting symptoms like nausea, dizziness, confusion, visual aura, photosensitivity and blurred vision. After having lived with episodic attacks of the pain for years, migraineurs can somewhat predict the course and progression of migraine. In my own experience as a sufferer, I have compiled my own set of dos and don'ts to prevent a migraine attack.
Always eat on time: Most of the times, migraines are triggered because you were on an empty stomach for a long time. Going without food can cause acidity or low blood sugar, both of which can cause a painful episode of migraine and nausea. Delaying breakfast is the number one culprit, so eat within half an hour of waking up.
Avoid anything spicy on an empty stomach: Spicy food on an empty stomach triggers migraine in a lot of people. Capsaicin, an active component in chilli peppers, can either cause migraine in some people or relieve the pain in others. If you belong to the former category, it's best to stay away from spicy foods for a while.
Maintain your body's pH balance: Eat a diet in alkalising foods as much as possible and stay away from the acidic ones. Have a diet rich in alkaline foods like pears, figs, mangoes, melons, papayas, spinach, cruciferous vegetables, cucumbers, etc. At the same time, cut down on acidic foods like meat, beans, high protein foods, sodas, sugar and dairy products.
Get enough sleep: The trick to keeping migraine at bay is striking a fine balance between snoozing too much and too little. Oversleeping and undersleeping can both trigger migraine episodes. Fix a set time to go to bed and to get up, and stick to it.
Stay hydrated: People who constantly suffer from migraine are often dehydrated. It's one of the most overlooked triggers of migraine. To prevent episodes of pain, sip water constantly and carry a bottle of water wherever you go.
Be careful with caffeine: This is not a one-size-fits-all solution, because caffeine can relieve migraine symptoms in some people and trigger the headache in others. Since caffeine is both a vasodilator and vasoconstrictor, you have to be careful with it. In normal doses it is said to narrow your blood vessels down and reduces the flow of blood to the brain (the pressure from the blood vessel is what causes the pain). But too much caffeine can actually make the pain worse.