As pulmonary hypertension causes the pressure to build up slowly in the lungs, it might take months or even years for the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension to show up. So you might not experience any symptoms in the early stage, but as the condition progresses, the symptoms might start to appear. Dr Santosh Kumar Dora, Senior Cardiac Electro Physiologist, Asian Heart Institute (AHI), Mumbai shares common symptoms of pulmonary hypertension.
Shortness of breath: If you are suffering from pulmonary hypertension you might experience shortness of breath due to pressure on the lungs. Initially, you might feel breathless while exercising but eventually you might feel shortness of breath while climbing stairs, cleaning or even while resting.
Fatigue: As the lungs fail to get enough blood, it might not function properly. This affects the functioning of the brain. You might start to feel tired easily and worn out. Over time, it might also lead to fainting (syncope).
Swelling in your ankles and legs: Pulmonary arterial hypertension can cause edema in the legs, ankles and feet. This is because the kidneys are unable to flush the toxins from the body leading to fluid retention. If left untreated, it might also lead to edema of the abdomen.
Cyanosis: A condition in which the colour of the skin and the lips turns blue due to lack of oxygen. This is due to increased pressure in the pulmonary artery, which in the long run can affect the functioning of the lungs causing cyanosis in people with pulmonary hypertension.
Chest pain: In some cases, pulmonary hypertension can also lead to chest pain due to increased pressure on the heart to pump blood to the lungs. It might also be due to irregular heart beat. Hence, do not ignore chest pain as it could also be a sign of pulmonary hypertension.