Water retention does not always require medication to deal with it. Moreover, even the medications that you take might increase your risk of water retention. The best way to prevent water retention is by making a few lifestyle changes. Here are five expert tips by Dr Sudhir Kumar, senior consultant neurologist, Institute of Neurosciences, Hyderabad, to deal with water retention.
Immobility for long time: According to Dr Sudhir, even sitting or standing for long hours can cause water retention due to decreased blood circulation. And the only way to prevent it is to be physically active. It could be a casual walk in your home or visiting washroom every 2 – 3 hours.
Lack of water intake: Yes, a very common cause of water retention is the lack of water retention as the level of electrolytes in the body increase, leading to fluid accumulation. This doesn’t mean you load up your intake of water extensively but ensuring that you drink roughly 3 – 4 litres of water a day is enough.
Health problems: Did you know that certain health conditions like kidney disease, heart disease, liver infection or brain tumour can cause edema? Hence, if you are suffering from any, it is wise to consult your doctor to know the correct medication and get treated.
Medications: In some cases, even amlodipine, a high blood pressure medication, is known to cause water retention. Moreover, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids and birth control pills can lead to fluid retention. Hence, always consult a doctor before popping a pill.
Excessive salt intake: And lastly, the most common cause of water retention is excessive intake of salt. So limit your intake of salt or sodium by restricting your intake of salty foods and foods containing high amount of sodium.