How can you be sure that your diet and exercise plan and prescribed medications is keeping your blood sugar level in check? Well, here is a 5-step rule by Dr Shashank Joshi, President, Endocrine Society of India -- ABCDE of controlling diabetes.
A for A1c: Your average haemoglobin A1c (or HbA1c) levels for three months should be below 7% to ensure that your blood sugar level is within control. And if not, then your doctor might consider changing medications to get the levels down to 7.
B for blood pressure: Diabetics need to have a blood pressure level below 130/80 mm Hg, to prevent health risks like heart disease, kidney disease or eye disease. So don’t forget to check your blood pressure every month without fail.
C for cholesterol: A major risk factor of heart disease is high cholesterol level in blood, especially LDL or bad cholesterol, which can also be a warning sign of increased blood glucose level. Hence, it is important to keep a tab on your cholesterol with frequent health check-ups.
D for diet: The key to keep your blood glucose level in control through diet is to – eat less, eat right and eat on time. Do not skip meals and replace simple carbohydrates with proteins and include super foods like amla, methi, broccoli, jamun and bitter gourd in your diet.
E for exercise: Regular exercise is the key to stay fit and healthy. Exercising for at least an hour (60 minutes) every day is mandatory for controlling diabetes. Be it weight training, brisk walking, doing household chores or taking stairs, being physically active is all you have to do.