World Diabetes DayWorld Diabetes Day was first conceived in 1991 to increase awareness about this metabolic disorder. An estimated 346 million people around the world suffer from diabetes and India has more patients than any other. Once exclusive to the urban areas, even rural India is being affected by the disease and there’s a shocking lack of awareness about it. An estimated 85% people in urban areas never get their blood levels checked. Ignorance is very dangerous because it can lead to various complications.

So what is diabetes?

It is a metabolic disease which is characterised by high blood sugar levels. This is caused either due to the lack of insulin (type 1 diabetes) or because the body’s cells fail to respond to the insulin produced (type 2 diabetes). The hormone insulin is responsible for breaking down glucose and when it fails to do so the body starts using fats. Some of the common symptoms of diabetes are hunger, frequent urination and increased thirst. There’s a third type of diabetes is called gestational diabetes and occurs in pregnant women. While type 1 is usually genetic, type 2 is mostly caused due to obesity and other lifestyle factors.

Read more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of diabetes.

So what are the symptoms of diabetes?

It has three classic symptoms – frequent urination, increased thirst and increased appetite. Other symptoms can include

Find out the other symptoms of diabetes.

Living with diabetes

Diabetes is not an unmanageable disease. Some basic lifestyle modifications – like diet and exercise, avoiding smoking and alcohol and frequently checking your blood glucose levels can go a long way in managing these symptoms.

Diet for diabetics

There’s a general consensus that avoiding sweets and other sugary food items is enough for diabetics. That is not the case. Patients will need to address their entire eating habits. Ideally, they should eat at least five meals a day and put more complex carbs on their plate.

Complications of diabetes

If left unchecked diabetes can lead to a variety of complications. It can affect your immune system, kidneys, eyes, heart, skin and even erectile dysfunction!

 Diabetes in India

In recent years diabetes has emerged as one of the biggest healthcare problems faced by India as a nation. Increased urbanisation, a more westernised lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, general unawareness, increased cases of smoking and drinking and a sedentary lifestyle has made Indians extremely vulnerable to diabetes. Some estimates suggest that as many as one out of every six Indian might be diabetic.

If unchecked diabetes could become the next global epidemic, some would argue it already is. By 2030, it could be the seventh leading cause of death in the world. Of all the diabetics in the world, 90% are type 2; their ailment is caused by obesity or other related lifestyle choices. In many cases, these conditions aren’t genetic. Let us all take a vow this World Diabetes Day to keep this advancing menace at bay. 

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  • Hafizan

    I have found out that if you have a light snack before bed i.e piece of fruit or a small bowl of ice cream that when you wake up in the miornng your blood sugar is lower. reason is, is that say you eat at 6 and you wake up at 7 that is more than 12 hrs of not eating and your body thinks you are starving so it keeps pushing out sugar through your liver but if you have a snack at night your body will have something to work on during the night so your body does not think that you are starving. Hope this helps.

  • vk maurya

    what is the maitar

  • Dipakpatra


  • Md Arif

    Complication of hyperglacaemia

  • alekhya

    neeee ayyaa
    colostrol gaaa

    • Giorgio

      The only blood glucose moinotr that doesn’t use a finger prick and blood are the Continuous Glucose Monitoring sensors offered by Minimed and Dexcom in conjunction with insulin pumps. But you still have to inject a sensor under your skin every few days. It’s still kind of experimental but you could look into it. If it’s hurting her to check her BG with a meter, check the lancet device and adjust the penetration there should be a dial you can adjust so it doesn’t go in so deep. It’s not comfortable, but it should only cause mild pain for no more than a split second. As for food, keep it simple for her and encourage her to eat mostly lean meats, green veggies, nuts, eggs, whole wheat toast, and berries. Minimize other fruits, juice, sweets, potatoes, rice, and milk.