Aamir-Khan-satyamev-jayate1The first episode of Satyamev Jayate Season 2 episode 1 was one that will remain in our memory for a long time to come. Starting from the brutal rape and murder of Nirbhaya in Delhi, the story took a turn towards the apathy of the police and medical community alike towards rape victims.

Rape is something we all fear – be it women or a man who fears for the woman in his life – but most of us think that it will never happen to us. The reality is a whole other story – in India one woman is raped every 7 seconds. While the doctors who came on the show did talk about how a uniform rape kit would help smoothen the process of evidence collection, they also talked about how doctors examining patients do not know exactly what to do.

A quick guide on what the medical examination for a rape victim should be like: 

If you are the victim of a rape, make sure you are careful not to wash off any evidence. Avoid going to the bathroom, having a bath, changing your clothes (you could wrap a cloth or shawl around you – your clothes are important from the evidence point of view, as it may contain bodily fluids and hair of your rapist), cleaning up the scene of the crime or getting rid of anything your rapist might have touched. (This might be against your instincts but trust us on this.) 

Visit a hospital as soon as possible. You may choose to visit a government run hospital or a private one. The kind of hospital does not matter. The law states that any hospital should provide you with immediate care and attention – without the intervention of the police. Do not accept any excuses and get your medical examination done as soon as possible.

Remember that it is the hospital’s responsibility to register a medico-legal case for you. While registering the case the hospital will have to inform the police, who will subsequently come to the hospital to take your statement.

Once at the hospital, you have a right to privacy. Your name, identity and medical problem should not be disclosed to people other than your doctor and a female nurse (if necessary). Make sure your doctor knows about this and follows the guidelines well.

The first step of the medical examination and evidence collection is to take down your medical history and details of your presenting illness (the symptoms or incident that has brought you to the hospital). At this point you will be asked about the incident and how it happened. One very embarrassing question a doctor will ask you is how the rape occurred, i.e; vaginal, anal or oral. This can be very traumatic but is of great importance as it will tell the doctor exactly where he/she needs to collect evidence from. Read what exactly is post-traumatic stress disorder? 

The next step is a physical examination where the doctor will check you for any signs of assault. Although it has been proven that in a large number of cases, signs of assault are not seen – the Indian law and medical system still uses it as a method to gauge if the act actually took place. If you have no bruises on your body, know that bruises do not form instantly, unless extremely severe they usually darken in about 24 hours. So tell your doctor that you would like to remain under observation of at least 24 hours, which will give you the chance to have your bruises examined – if and when they appear. If you do not have any signs of physical assault, it is okay you still have the right to file a case.

If you do have any external injuries your doctor will take pictures of the injuries. Remember that you have the right to deny having these pictures taken. If you are uncomfortable, make sure you tell your doctor that.

During the physical exam your doctor will also check your inner thighs, vagina and anus for signs of trauma. This usually involves checking the outer lips of your vagina and the walls of the vagina and anus for tears and bleeding.

Earlier there was a sanctioned test known as the ‘two finger test’ that was used to detect if the victim has had sex before the incident. Here the doctor inserts his/her gloved finger into your vagina to check for the laxity or colloquially put for ‘looseness of your vaginal walls’. Due to its archaic and embarrassing nature this test has now been abolished by the Supreme Court. Ask your doctor what test he/she is going to perform, if you know that the two finger test is going to be done, you have the right to say no. Will victims of sexual assault be treated better now? 

Your doctor will then collect evidence from your skin, vagina, under your finger nails and sometimes from your hair as well. All this is done to collect evidence against your rapist.

Your statement will then be recorded by the police who will also ask the doctor to certify that evidence of the incidence has been recorded .

After your medical examination your doctor will advice you to take certain medication. This will include an emergency contraceptive (to prevent any chance of pregnancy) and medicines to prevent the onset of any sexually transmitted diseases. You will also be given a mandatory course of antiretroviral treatment (ART)  to prevent the possibility of contracting HIV. If you have any questions regarding the treatment, make sure you discuss the issue with your doctor.  Read HIV – causes, symptoms, treatment and diagnosis 

Finally, being assaulted or raped is an extremely traumatic experience and in most cases the victim’s mind is absolutely blank or is in overdrive due to the assault. While you might not remember any advice at that moment, there are sometimes moments of clarity and knowing what to do at that time can be the difference between getting justice and letting the accused go scot-free.

Also read: 

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  • NALINI PALIWAL

    hii guys,i came to know about that the society i live its samachar aapts in delhi and i was recently aware of a training which given to all the mayur vihar exnt in delhi and all the people are coming and learning the self defense classes it is for all children above 10 years old and a self def fence trainer come and teach us dont u think its very gud and is organized by inspector rishi and should be taught in each and every part of india and aamir in any of your show just please add this topic and take my name

  • satish singh

    satyemev jayte is mirror of you…

  • Habiba Tinwala

    pls aap ek saath sab channel ya ni k jitni bhi channel hai us per breaking news banakar dekhaye. Jab voh log galat news barbar dihkha sakte hai to sach news kyu nahi? Agar aap yeh news har channel peh dihkhaenge tabhi hi SOCH BADLEGI or DESH BADLEGA….!
    Aap ek hi episode barbar dihkha hi yeh ke aadmi soch neh peh MAJBUR ho jai…!

  • Nisha Agarwal

    Hi! myself Nisha, I am glad to say that satyamev jayate have got lot of improvement while reading newspaper today 29.3.2014 there is news about “order to all hospitals on rape victims” while reading it somewhere in mind I got a thought that it was all because of you and your teams hard work n seriously I appreciate the work you doing. I am proud to see government getting changes n trying to secure girls specially rape victims :)

  • Inayat

    Aamir is doing a good job .He puts in a great amount of effort in presenting this program and suggesting solutions. Until the mindset of people chages we cannot have a better world to live.

  • rajender singh

    dated 27-3-14 ko ABP news chanel per charcha shri Amir ji and Shri kapil sibbal ji other discution mebhi police ko more traning dene ki baat ki jati he kaya kabhi kisi neta /sansta ne pay badane bare bhi kabhi discution huai he . police karmchari 24 hours & 365 day duty karta he but pay 8 hours & 200 days duty karne walo ke barabar di jati he . Haryana me 1985 se pahle ek JBT teacher ki pay ek constable se kam hoti thi aaj JBT teacher ka pay constable se doguni he duty hours 6 hours & 250 day eske atirikat anya our bhi samasye he jinko her satar ki dicution per choda diya jata he aapse anurodha he ki aap es our bhi dhyan d e

  • tina

    I am the victim of domestic violence.i am senior citizen.I am christian,(catholic)Nobody is helping me.I also approached the Parish church,but no use.I am not having any financial support,I am asking the nonchristians for help.Can anyone or Mr Amirkhan listen to my problems?

    • Nidhi

      Dnt post this as a comment, i think you should post your problem directly on the satyamev jayate website.

      • NALINI PALIWAL

        what should i type to get the website of this?